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Some notable scientists that conducted most of their important research in the East Indies archipelago are Teijsmann , Junghuhn , Eijkman , Dubois and Wallace. Many important art, culture and science institutions were established in Dutch East Indies. For example, the Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen , Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences , the predecessor of the National Museum of Indonesia , was established in with the aim to promote research and publish findings in the field of arts and sciences, especially history , archaeology , ethnography and physics.

The Bogor Botanical Gardens with Herbarium Bogoriense and Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense was a major centre for botanical research established in , with the aim to study the flora and fauna of the archipelago. The Komodo dragon was first described by Peter Ouwens in , after an aeroplane crash accident in and rumours about living dinosaurs in Komodo Island in Vitamin B 1 and its relation to beriberi disease was discovered by Eijkman during his work in the Indies.

The Dutch colonial families through their domestic servants and cooks were exposed to Indonesian cuisine, as the result they developed a taste for native tropical spices and dishes. A notable Dutch East Indies colonial dish is rijsttafel , the rice table that consists of 7 to 40 popular dishes from across the colony. More an extravagant banquet than a dish, the Dutch colonials introduced the rice table not only so they could enjoy a wide array of dishes at a single setting but also to impress visitors with the exotic abundance of their colony.

Through colonialism the Dutch introduced European dishes such as bread , cheese , barbecued steak and pancake. As the producer of cash crops; coffee and tea were also popular in the colonial East Indies. Bread, butter and margarine , sandwiches filled with ham, cheese or fruit jam, poffertjes , pannekoek and Dutch cheeses were commonly consumed by colonial Dutch and Indos during the colonial era. Some of the native upperclass ningrat nobles and a few educated native were exposed to European cuisine, and it was held with high esteem as the cuisine of upperclass elite of Dutch East Indies society.

This led to the adoption and fusion of European cuisine into Indonesian cuisine. Some dishes which were created during the colonial era are Dutch influenced: they include selat solo solo salad , bistik jawa Javanese beef steak , semur from Dutch smoor , sayur kacang merah brenebon and sop buntut. Cakes and cookies also can trace their origin to Dutch influences; such as kue bolu tart , pandan cake , lapis legit spekkoek , spiku lapis Surabaya , klappertaart coconut tart , and kaasstengels cheese cookies. Kue cubit commonly found in front of schools and marketplaces are believed to be derived from poffertjes.

The 16th and 17th century arrival of European powers in Indonesia introduced masonry construction to Indonesia where previously timber and its by-products had been almost exclusively used. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Batavia was a fortified brick and masonry city.

From the end of the 19th century, significant improvements to technology, communications and transportation brought new wealth to Java. Modernistic buildings, including train stations, business hotels, factories and office blocks, hospitals and education institutions, were influenced by international styles. The early 20th century trend was for modernist influences—such as art-deco —being expressed in essentially European buildings with Indonesian trim.

Practical responses to the environment carried over from the earlier Indies Style, included overhanging eaves, larger windows and ventilation in the walls, which gave birth to the New Indies Style. Gerber and C. A lack of development in the Great Depression , the turmoil of the Second World War and the Indonesia's independence struggle of the s, and economic stagnation during the politically turbulent s and s, meant that much colonial architecture has been preserved through to recent decades. Within the colony of the Dutch East Indies, fashion played an important role to define ones' status and social class.

The European colonials wore European fashion straight out of the Netherlands, or even Paris, while the natives wore their traditional clothings that are distinct in every regions. As the years progressed and the Dutch influence became stronger, many natives began mixing European styles within their traditional clothing. High-ranking natives within the colony as well as nobility, would wear European style suits with their batik sarongs for special occasions and even for everyday use.

More and more native Indonesians began to dress more European. This of course came with the idea that those who wore European clothing were more progressive and open towards a European society and the etiquette that came with it. More and more the European influence was gaining precedence within native Indonesians. This probably stems from the fact that many natives were treated better if they wore European clothing. Their European counterparts acknowledged them, and that in turn was most likely a catalyst for adoption western clothing into traditional Indonesian clothing.

The fashion influences between colonials and natives was a reciprocal phenomenon. Just as the Europeans influences the natives, the natives too influenced the European colonials. For example, the thick European fabrics was considered too hot to wear in tropical climate. Thus, the light clothing of thin kebaya fabrics and the comfortable and easy to wear batik sarong are considered quite suitable for everyday clothing in hot and humid climate of the East Indies. Later on in the history of the Dutch East Indies, as a new wave of Europeans were brought into the colony, many adopted the Indonesian styles, many even went so far as to wear traditional Javanese kebaya at home.

The technique was so fascinating to them that they took the technique to their colonies in Africa where it was adopted with African patterns. Fashion trends from Paris were still highly regarded and considered the epitome of style. Women wore dresses and skirts and men wore pants and shirts. When the Dutch Royal Family was established in , much of its wealth came from Colonial trade. Universities such as the Royal Leiden University founded in the 16th century have developed into leading knowledge centres about Southeast Asian and Indonesian studies. Leiden University and in particular KITLV are educational and scientific institutions that to this day share both an intellectual and historical interest in Indonesian studies.

Other scientific institutions in the Netherlands include the Amsterdam Tropenmuseum , an anthropological museum with massive collections of Indonesian art, culture, ethnography and anthropology. Many surviving colonial families and their descendants who moved back to the Netherlands after independence tended to look back on the colonial era with a sense of the power and prestige they had in the colony, with such items as the s book Tempo Doeloe Old times by author Rob Nieuwenhuys , and other books and materials that became quite common in the s and s.

The majority of Dutchmen that repatriated to the Netherlands after and during the Indonesian revolution are Indo Eurasian , native to the islands of the Dutch East Indies. This relatively large Eurasian population had developed over a period of years and were classified by colonial law as belonging to the European legal community. Of the , so called Dutch 'repatriants' only 92, were expatriate Dutchmen born in the Netherlands.

Including their second generation descendants, they are currently the largest foreign born group in the Netherlands. Many Indonesian dishes and foodstuffs have become commonplace in the Dutch cuisine. Rijsttafel , a colonial culinary concept, and dishes such as nasi goreng and sateh are still very popular in the Netherlands. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. Home FAQ Contact. Dutch East Indies Wikipedia open wikipedia design. Dutch colony between , present-day Indonesia.

Dutch East Indies [1]. Map of the Dutch East Indies showing its territorial expansion from to its fullest extent prior to Japanese occupation in Indonesia proclaimed its independence on 17 August Netherlands New Guinea was transferred to Indonesia in Official date according to the United Nations is Part of a series on the. Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms.

Rise of Muslim states. Christian kingdom.

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Larantuka Kingdom — European colonisation. Emergence of Indonesia. National Awakening — Japanese occupation — War of Independence — By topic. Archaeology Currency Economy Military. See also: Dutch Ethical Policy. See also: Dutch Indies literature. See also: Indonesian cuisine. Main article: Colonial architecture of Indonesia.

See also: List of colonial buildings and structures in Jakarta. Play media. Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 27 May Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 27 December United Nations. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 18 March Retrieved 19 July Cribb and A. Kahin, p. Melbourne: Lonely Planet.

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A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the s. Westview Press. Hong Kong: Periplus Editions. Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 21 January Though initially welcomed as liberators, the Japanese gradually established themselves as harsh overlords. Their policies fluctuated according to the exigencies of the war, but in general their primary object was to make the Indies serve Japanese war needs.

Eighteenth-Century Studies. History of Modern Indonesia Since c. London: MacMillan. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 5 September The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 24 November Journal of Transport History.

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Comparative Technology Transfer and Society. Netherlands India: a Study of Plural Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cited in Vicker, Adrian A History of Modern Indonesia. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original PDF on 23 July Archived PDF from the original on 24 July Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 18 April Kahin, pp. Benda, S. Publisher: J. Wolters, Leiden, Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 25 August See: Cribb, R. Sleeping on the floor like the female peasantry was considered an intolerable aggravation of the legal sanction.

See: Baudet, H. Balans van beleid. Publisher: Van Gorcum, Assen, P. Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved 19 January CS1 maint: archived copy as title link , sourced from Cribb, R. Indiana University Press. Cambridge U. Archived from the original on 23 April Journal of Genocide Research. Chapter I, P. Dutch East Indies Campaign website. Archived from the original on 26 July Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 21 April Weg tot het Westen Road to the West.

Kodansha America. The Portuguese language rolled more easily off Malay tongues than did Dutch or English. Ironically, if any European tongue was the language of merchant intercourse, even in Batavia, it was Portuguese. Publisher: Bert bakker. Het Nederlands voor Indie — Institute of European Studies, University of California. Retrieved 16 August See: Official Maria Dermout Website. Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 27 September Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 23 September Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 22 September Wangsadinata and T.

Djajasudarma Archived from the original PDF on 14 June Retrieved 18 January Chic in kebaya: catatan inspiratif untuk tampil anggun berkebaya. Jakarta: Esensi. V The Netherlands East Indies at the Tropenmuseum: a colonial history. Amsterdam: KIT. Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 5 March The market is opened by the minister of Colonies dr.

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Breton de Nijs pseud. Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 1 June Indisch is een gevoel, de tweede en derde generatie Indische Nederlanders. Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 14 October Outline Index. Dutch Empire. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company — Bengal Persia Suratte. Bantam Malabar West coast of Sumatra. Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch West India Company — Settlements of the Noordsche Compagnie — Jan Mayen Smeerenburg. Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands — Bengal Coromandel Malacca Suratte.

Gold Coast. Dutch East Indies. New Guinea. Kingdom of the Netherlands —present. Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius. Flag Coat of arms. Melbourne , Australia — Brisbane , Australia — Soerabaja [2] [3]. Pieter G. Dutch East Indies gulden. Preceded by. Dutch East India Company. Aceh Sultanate. Bali Kingdom. Riau-Lingga Sultanate. Portuguese Malacca. United States of Indonesia. Netherlands New Guinea. Republic of South Maluku. Straits Settlements. Prehistory Java Man. Flores Man. Toba catastrophe. Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms Salakanagara Kingdom.

Tarumanagara Kingdom. Kalingga Kingdom. Sailendra Empire.

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Rise of Muslim states Spread of Islam. Ternate Sultanate.

Colonial Period of Indonesia

Samudera Pasai Sultanate. Pagaruyung Kingdom. Brunei Sultanate. Malacca Sultanate. Sulu Sultanate. Cirebon Sultanate. Banten Sultanate. Kalinyamat Sultanate. Mataram Sultanate. Siak Sultanate. Surakarta Sunanate. Yogyakarta Sultanate. Deli Sultanate. Christian kingdom Larantuka Kingdom. European colonisation Portuguese. French and British interregnum. Netherlands East Indies. The NLA holds the publications and serials and annual reports of the Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunst en Wetenschappen , which acted as a council of sciences and meticulously recorded its findings and meetings.

Government reports on the state of the Dutch colonies are found in the series known as Kolonial Verslag , and contains very detailed reports for the Dutch East Indies. As the political system of the colonies developed, the Volksraad, or House of Representatives, was instituted and the meetings of these are recorded in the Handelingen van het Volksraad.

The history of the Indonesian nationalist movement is documented in the collection of documents in De opkomst van de nationalistische beweging in Nederlandsch-Indie by S. This is held by the NLA, together with the works relevant to this aspect of study in the microfiche collection prepared by the Inter Documentation Company IDC which had reproduced 96 works on this subject under the title Indonesian Nationalist Movement. The NLA holds three bibliographical works which are indispensable for research in the history of the Dutch East Indies up to just after the turn of the century. These are J.

Albrecht's Klapper op de wetboeken en het Staatsblad van Nederlandsch Indie benevens op het bijblad op dat Staatsblad , an index to the Staatsblad ; G. Ockeloen's Catalogus van boeken en tijd-schriften uitgegeven in het Nederlandsch Oost-Indie is in fact a list of books and serials held in the library of the institute now known as the National Museum in Jakarta; the collection is now part of the national collection of the National Library of Indonesia.

The list of books known as Catalogus der Koloniale Bibliotheek van het Kon. This was set up soon after the turn of the century when it became clear that the normal colonial reports were no longer sufficient to present statistics of economic conditions in the colony.

An important economic journal for the period is Economisch weekblad voor Indonesie , which superseded Korte berichten voor landbouw, nijverheid en handel , published by the Department van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel. Social conditions of the period are recorded in a larger number of publications which cover the period from first Dutch contact up to the outbreak of World War II.

The NLA Rare Books Section has a number of monographs about the earlier period of Dutch exploration which contain travellers' tales and one of the earliest imprints in Jacob Jansz de Roy's Hachelijke reystogt The immediate post-World War II period inspired previous residents of the Dutch Indies to write out their nostalgia, such as the reminiscences by the well-known writer Jan Fabricius, Tempo doeloe: uit de goeie ouwe tijd The NLA has strong holdings on Dutch studies of the Indonesian languages, dictionaries, grammars, Sanskrit literature translated into Javanese, Javanese literatures translated into Dutch, and holdings include such works as Humboldt's Kawi Sprachen , Brandes' Beschrijving der Javaansche, Balineesche en Sasaksche handschriften , and Kern's Verspreide Geschriften.

There are texts, transcriptions, translations of Javanese classics such as the Babad Tanah Jawi and Serat Tjentini , and the classical writings on history and philosophy by Ranggawarsita. There are also a number of editions of the Javanese version of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the basis of the stories for the Javanese "Wayang Kulit" or shadow-puppet plays.

Pigeaud's Literature of Java is also held, a work which also deals with the many forms of oral literature found in the various regions of this island. Through the Kern collection the NLA acquired Sundanese manuscripts which are transcriptions from original manuscripts, and this collection is reinforced by many monographs on Sundanese literature. The Netherlands Government ruled the colony from to , before the Japanese occupation which lasted until An Independent republic, Indonesia, was proclaimed on 17 August The following statute law resources are held:.

In addition to collections of laws emanating from the Dutch administration there are also materials on adat or customary law which grew with the strengthening of Islam in the Indonesian archipelago. The NLA has more than volumes on adat law, including C. We have a number of monographs by Professor E. Korn, an authority on adat law especially for the areas of Bali, Sumatra and the Tapanuli districts of Sumatra.

The Korn collection on microfiche contains many transcripts of adat law, particularly of Bali. Jacquet had compiled a Descriptive List of the collection which is kept in the Microform area.